Interferon is used to modify the immune system and slow the growth of cancer cells in people with hairy cell leukemia, cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, and aggressive follicular non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Interferon may be referred to more specifically as Interferon alpha-2a, Interferon alpha-2b, or Interferon gamma-1b, or by brand names including Intron A, Roferon-A, and Actimmune.
Interferons are proteins produced by the immune system to fight infections and cancer. Natural or synthetic interferon-alpha may be used as part of immunotherapy for lymphoma. Interferon is believed to work by enhancing the immune system’s response to lymphoma.
How do I take it?
Interferon is administered as a subcutaneous or intramuscular injection.
Common side effects for Interferon include headache, dizziness, depression, irritability, hair loss, flu-like symptoms, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and injection site reaction.
Rare but serious side effects of Interferon include stroke, heart attack, worsening heart or liver disease, psychosis, suicidal thoughts or behavior, life-threatening gastrointestinal bleeding, severe infections, lung problems, vision problems, and pancreatitis.
For more details about this treatment, visit:
Interferon alpha 2b – Leukemia & Lymphoma Society
Interferon alpha 2a – Leukemia & Lymphoma Society
Immunotherapy – Lymphoma Research Foundation
Interferons – Cutaneous Lymphoma Foundation
Roferon-A – RxList
Intron A – RxList
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